Thursday, August 11, 2011

Negara dengan Cadangan Emas Dunia Terbesar di Dunia

Emas telah menjadi asset yang sangat fenomenal di semester ke-2 2011 ini. Harga Emas di Indonesia pun kini telah mencapai harga Rp.504.000,- per gram ( 11Agustus2011 based goldgram.co.id ) dan diperkirakan akan terus meningkat. Beberapa negara di dunia berlomba menambah cadangan emasnya, Cina salah satu yang paling agresif. Negara dengan cadangan emas terbanyak didunia posisi Agustus 2011 adalah Amerika dengan cadangan sebanyak 8.133,5 ton atau 74,2% dari cadangan devisa totalnya. Cina adalah pemilik cadangan emas terbesar ke-6 di dunia dan pada Agustus 2011 memiliki cadangan devisa sebanyak 1.054,1 ton ( 1.6% cadangan devisanya, catatan : Cina adalah pemilik cadangan devisa terbesar di dunia dengan jumlah 3 triliun dollar AS * berdasarkan Kompas 12082011). Sedangkan Indonesia sendiri ada di posisi 38, dengan cadangan emas sebanyak 73,1 ton atau hanya 3,1% dari cadangan devisa.
Berikut data posisi terakhir cadangan emas dari negara negara di dunia per Agustus 2011

No/Government/Reserve(tonns)/% of Reserve

1 United States 8,133.5 74.2% 51 Brazil 33.6 0.5%
2 Germany 3,401.0 71.4% 52 Slovakia 31.8 64.6%
3 IMF 2,814.0 1) 53 Ukraine 27.7 3.6%
4 Italy 2,451.8 71.2% 54 Ecuador 26.3 33.1%
5 France 2,435.4 66.2% 55 Syria 25.8 5.9%
6 China 1,054.1 1.6% 56 Morocco 22.0 4.6%
7 Switzerland 1,040.1 17.8% 57 Cyprus 13.9 56.0%
8 Russia 836.7 7.7% 58 Serbia 13.7 4.7%
9 Japan 765.2 3.3% 59 Bangladesh 13.5 6.2%
10 Netherlands 612.5 58.9% 60 Netherlands Antilles 13.1 33.5%
11 India 557.7 8.7% 61 Jordan 12.8 5.0%
12 ECB 502.1 31.3% 62 Czech Republic 12.6 1.4%
13 Taiwan 423.6 5.0% 63 Cambodia 12.4 14.9%
14 Portugal 382.5 85.1% 64 Qatar 12.4 3.1%
15 Venezuela 365.8 60.8% 65 Sri Lanka 11.8 7.5%
16 Saudi Arabia 322.9 3.3% 66 Laos 8.9 33.5%
17 UK 310.3 15.9% 67 Latvia 7.7 4.8%
18 Lebanon 286.8 29.6% 68 El Salvador 7.3 11.4%
19 Spain 281.6 40.2% 69 CEMAC 5) 7.1 0.0%
20 Austria 280.0 54.7% 70 Guatemala 6.9 5.2%
21 Belgium 227.5 38.2% 71 Colombia 6.9 1.1%
22 Algeria 173.6 4.7% 72 Macedonia 6.8 11.7%
23 Philippines 153.8 11.0% 73 Tunisia 6.7 3.8%
24 Libya 143.8 5.6% 74 Ireland 6.0 13.4%
25 Thailand 127.5 3.3% 75 Lithuania 5.8 4.0%
26 Singapore 127.4 2.5% 76 Bahrain 4.7 1)
27 Sweden 125.7 11.9% 77 Mauritius 3.9 6.6%
28 South Africa 125.0 12.1% 78 Canada 3.4 0.3%
29 BIS 2) 119.0 1) 79 Slovenia 3.2 13.8%
30 Turkey 116.1 5.7% 80 Aruba 3.1 21.7%
31 Greece 111.5 79.0% 81 Hungary 3.1 0.3%
32 Mexico 105.9 3.8% 82 Tajikistan 3.0 1)
33 Romania 103.7 9.2% 83 Kyrgyz Republic 2.6 6.5%
34 Poland 102.9 4.6% 84 Mozambique 2.3 4.9%
35 Australia 79.9 8.7% 85 Luxembourg 2.2 10.6%
36 Kuwait 79.0 13.2% 86 Suriname 2.1 12.4%
37 Egypt 75.6 12.7% 87 Hong Kong 2.1 0.0%
38 Indonesia 73.1 3.1% 88 Mongolia 2.0 3.8%
39 Kazakhstan 70.4 9.9% 89 Iceland 2.0 1.3%
40 Denmark 66.5 3.8% 90 Papua New Guinea 2.0 2.9%
41 Pakistan 64.4 16.1% 91 Trinidad and Tobago 1.9 0.9%
42 Argentina 54.7 5.1% 92 Albania 1.6 2.8%
43 Finland 49.1 22.1% 93 Yemen 1.6 1.3%
44 Bulgaria 39.9 10.8% 94 Cameroon 0.9 0.0%
45 Korea 39.4 0.6% 95 Honduras 0.7 1.1%
46 Belarus 4) 38.9 41.4% 96 Paraguay 0.7 0.7%
47 WAEMU 3) 36.5 11.9% 97 Dominican Republic 0.6 1.0%
48 Malaysia 36.4 1.3% 98 Gabon 0.4 0.0%
49 Bolivia 35.3 16.4% 99 Malawi 0.4 7.3%
50 Peru 34.7 3.7% 100 Mauritania 0.4 5.1%
.............
101 Central African Rep. 0.3 0.1% World 30,700.1 1)
102 Chad 0.3 0.0% All countries 27,372.6 11.6%
103 Congo 0.3 0.0% Euro Area (incl. ECB) 10,792.5 62.2%
104 Uruguay 0.3 0.2% CBGA 3 signatories 6) 11,958.3 49.5%
105 Estonia 0.2 5.0%
106 Chile 0.2 0.0%
107 Malta 0.2 1.5%
108 Costa Rica 0.1 0.1%
109 Haiti 0.0 0.1%
110 Burundi 0.0 0.4%
111 Fiji 0.0 0.2%
112 Oman 0.0 0.0%
113 Comoros 0.0 0.6%
114 Kenya 0.0 0.0%

NOTES
* This table was updated in August 2011 and reports data available at that time. Data are taken from the International Monetary Fund's International Financial Statistics (IFS), August 2011 edition, and other sources where applicable. IFS data are two months in arrears, so holdings are as of June 2011 for most countries, May 2011 or earlier for late reporters. The table does not list all gold holders: countries which have not reported their gold holdings to the IMF in the last six months are not included, while other countries are known to hold gold but they do not report their holdings publicly. Where the WGC knows of movements that are not reported to the IMF or misprints, changes have been made. The countries showing as having 0.0 tonnes of gold report some gold but less than 0.05 tonnes to the IMF.
**The percentage share held in gold of total foreign reserves, as calculated by the World Gold Council. The value of gold holdings is calculated using the end of month London pm fix gold price published daily by the LBMA. In June, the end of month gold price was $1505.50 Data for the value of other reserves are taken from IFS, table ‘Total Reserves minus Gold’.
1. BIS and IMF balance sheets do not allow this percentage to be calculated. In the case of any countries, up to date data for other reserves are not available.
2. BIS data are updated each year from the BIS’s annual report to reflect the Bank’s gold investment assets excluding any gold held in connection with swap operations, under which the Bank exchanges currencies for physical gold. The bank has an obligation to return the gold at the end of the contract.
3. West African Economic Monetary Union including the central bank.
4. Includes both "Monetary gold" and "Other gold" as reported by the central bank.
5. Central African Economic and Monetary Union including the central bank.
6. Signatories to the third Central Bank Gold Agreement which commenced in September 2009.

The signatores include: ECB, Austria, Belgium, Cyprus, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Portugal, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland. Estonia became a signatory upon joining the Euro in January 2011.
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